Reading the word daily is a good way to Develop the habit of studying the scriptures and applying them to your everyday life. Simply set time aside each day, and soon daily Bibler reading will become a lifestyle!


Verses 3-4

Q: List the specific actions taken against David. How would you characterize them?

  1. “...sharpened their tongue like a sword...”
  2. “...aimed bitter speech as their arrow...”
  3. “...shoot from concealment...”

All of these things are premeditated and take conscious planning to execute. The case is being made that, based on their actions, they are not just acting out of sin impulsively, but deliberately. It’s not a “heat of the moment” issue but wrong, pre-planned behavior.

Q: Why is it important for David to note that they “do not fear” what they do?

A: It’s a way of saying that they have no respect for God’s eventual repayment for their sin. If they were really worried about the presence of sin in their life, they would know and fear God’s eventual judgment for same and withhold their fire, so to speak.

Q: How does David describe himself?

A: “...the blameless”. He is clearly setting before God his own actions and behavior that they may be judged to determine whether or not David himself is free of sin.

Application: Do we sufficiently stop to examine the motives and behavior of both our attackers and self? Do we operate from the premise of whether or not sin is present and whether or not we’re truly blameless?

Verses 5-6

Q: Having begun his case by describing their actions, David now provides the motives for their sinful behavior. What is their agenda? What drives them to do these things?

A: “They hold fast to themselves an evil purpose”. (v.5) In other words, they are not just temporarily mean or experiencing a one-time flare-up of their emotions; they are acting on a decision to pursue his destruction.

Point: David is not teaching us about how to deal with emotional outbursts or moods, but specifically with those that plan to do evil against us. This is why such cases need to be made and presented to God, because only HE can judge and address hearts, whereas we can probably address temporary hurts and feelings ourselves.

Q: How does David indicate that these actions have to be premeditated in nature?

A: He describes their activities as “laying snares secretly” and “a well-conceived plot”.

Q: How does David indicate that it’s impossible for him to act, that it requires divine intervention?

A: “For the inward thought and the heart of a man are deep.” Only God can judge and reach such areas—we can’t know for sure.

Verses 7-9

Q: What is different in the way that God handles such situations as opposed to man’s natural inclination?

A: God first works on them spiritually in an attempt to change them, but if resisted, to make them into a demonstration to others of God’s character and work.

If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. “But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

― Romans 12:18-21

Verse 10

Q: What happens to Believers while all this is going on?

A: They “take refuge in Him” and relish in the joy of knowing it’s entirely in HIS hands.

Point: Remember that David is here talking about verbal persecution, not physical. It may be unpleasant and lead to something greater, but it’s easier to bear and forgive harsh words from a heart that may still turn back to following God than their following through with physical actions from which there may be no return.


Mark 16:16 'He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.'

MARK 16:16

Water baptism is a command of Jesus and is the initial action taken upon believing. Mark's statement could be rendered, 'He who believes with saving faith (i.e. faith that produces actions) will be saved.' In this sense, water baptism is very important. It is an opportunity to act on your new profession of faith. Anyone who refuses to follow Jesus' command to receive water baptism, may be suspected of not really believing.

However, there are scriptural examples of people being born again before they were baptized in water. Cornelius and his friends were filled with the Holy Ghost and spoke in tongues before they were baptized in water (Acts 10:44-48). John 14:17 records Jesus saying that an unbeliever cannot receive the Holy Ghost, so Cornelius and his friends must have been born again before their water baptism.

Water baptism is the sign of the new covenant in the same way that circumcision was the sign of the old covenant. The apostle Paul made it clear in Romans 4, that although Abraham was circumcised, his circumcision was only a sign. Abraham was justified in the sight of God before his circumcision. Paul goes on to state in Galatians 5:1-6, that anyone who trusts in circumcision has fallen from grace; Christ will profit him nothing.

It is faith in the redemptive work of Christ that produces salvation - not our actions. However, James writes that faith without works is dead (Jas. 2:20).

Faith alone saves, but saving faith is never alone; it must be acted upon.

This is what Mark is referring to when he speaks of baptism.

David is God’s measuring stick by which men are compared in the Old Testament. It’s not unusual to find references such as this one referring to King Jeroboam: “He walked in all the sins of his father which he had committed before him and his heart was not wholly devoted to the Lord his God, like the heart of his father David.” (1 Kings 15:3) The Psalms of David are a kind of “journal” that gives us insight into how he dealt with life within God’s terms, a sort of “diary” into which we can peek and know the thoughts and workings of a model Believer that we can apply to our own behavior and attitudes. In western society, persecution most often takes verbal form, men attacking us with their words. It may be comforting for us to know that even to a Believer as strong as David, words hurt. How did he deal with the personal and verbal assaults of man?

Read verses 1-6

Q: How does David openly and honestly describe his point of view?

A: He clearly labels what he is bringing before God as “my complaint”. In biblical terms, a “complaint” is actually a legal term that describes something brought before a judge that needs to be legally mediated, something that needs to be decided by a higher authority between the parties involved.

Q: What does this tell us about David’s character?

A: When an issue is brought before the court, it’s very possible that the judge will find fault with the person bringing the complaint. In other words, just bringing it before the court does not in and of itself guarantee that the outcome will be favorable to the one bringing it. If the judge is impartial, everyone will be judged as to whether they have acted appropriately or not. David is placing his own actions and behavior before God to be judged alongside the offenders’.

Application: Is our first inclination to bring these things before God or to respond and seek justice for our self? Do we place our own behavior in these situations under God’s scrutiny as well? Are we confident—without first inquiring—that we don’t bear even a small part of the blame? Shouldn’t we make sure we’re not bringing a “useless lawsuit” before God that will be thrown out as having no merit?

Q: What are the 2 outcomes that David is hoping for? What does this further reveal about David’s character?

A: “Preserve me” (v.1) and “hide me” (v.2). His instinct is to ask for protection, NOT revenge or divine justice. David is more concerned about preserving a right heart for the Lord than for the temporary satisfaction of retribution. He knows God will deal with them in the right way at the right time, so his overriding concern is that his own spiritual relationship remains intact.

Q: As a legal complaint brought before God, what are the “charges” that he is leveling at his attackers? What does he call them?

A: “The enemy” (v.1), “evildoers” (v.2), and “those who do iniquity” (v.2). David accuses them according to their sin, not their opinions.

Application: Is someone actually being “mean” or even “sinful” if their words are true or at best just opinion? Do we understand that what we are to be most concerned with is sin and its work in both ourselves as well as our attackers?

“So I tell you this, and insist on it in the Lord, that you must no longer live as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking.” (Ephesians 4:17 NIV)

One of the things God does when he saves us is to target the bad habits in our lives.  They’re not good for us, and some have profound spiritual dimensions, so God wants to see them broken. Sometimes habits are changed in an instant.  There are other times, however, when God has to change things in our lives in order for entrenched habits to be overcome.  He has to renew our minds, because we are used to thinking a certain way, and our thoughts may automatically go down old tracks that are not healthy for us.

It isn’t enough to get rid of the old habits, however; we also have to begin some new practices.  In his letter to the Ephesians, the apostle Paul told them not only to put off their “old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires,” but also to “put on the new self”; not only to “put off falsehood,” but to “speak truthfully to [their] neighbor” instead; not to steal any longer, but rather to “work so that they may have something to share with those in need.”  It is said that it takes about a month or so to make or break a habit, so as we put these good things into practice, we will gradually see good habits forming – habits such as spending time with the Lord and reading his Word every day.  It goes without saying that we must use wisdom in staying away from former haunts and refraining from watching or listening to things that could reignite old passions.

Finally, we know that we can make new resolutions until we’re tired of doing so, but nothing is going to change unless Christ is living his life through us; and, thankfully, that is what is promised to every believer.  Let’s ask the Holy Spirit for the strength to break bad habits and the grace to make new, godly habits that will help us in our walk with the Lord, to the glory of his name.

Read Ephesians 4:17—5:2.

Luke 24:49 'And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.'

LUKE 24:49

This filling of the Holy Ghost is subsequent to the born-again experience.

Paul reveals in Rom. 10:9, that a person has to confess with his mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in his heart that Jesus was raised from the dead, before he can be saved.

It is possible to be saved, yet not have what Jesus said was the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Since the Holy Spirit is now given freely and we don't have to tarry for His coming, we can receive salvation and the baptism of the Holy Spirit at the same time. However, it is not automatic. We must ask and believe for the baptism of the Holy Ghost, just as we believed for salvation.

Speaking in tongues is unique to the Church Age. This is because when a person speaks in tongues, his new born-again spirit is speaking (1 Cor. 14:14), not his mind. Before salvation, our spirit was the part of us that was, 'dead in trespasses and sins.' Until we received a new spirit (2 Cor. 5:17), the Holy Ghost could not give us this supernatural communication with the Father.

There are two kinds of speaking in tongues which are clearly spoken of in 1 Corinthians 13:1. They are called 'the tongues of men and of angels.' The tongues of men are the known languages in which the disciples spoke. The tongues of angels, or heavenly languages, are the tongues that all Spirit-filled believers can speak, and are what Paul spoke about in 1 Corinthians 12-14.

Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would lead us into all truth and teach us all things. Receiving the baptism of the Holy Ghost is the single most important key to receiving revelation knowledge from God.